Type of engine oil

Lubrication is one of the most important precautions for the proper functioning of a car, as it avoids contact between metal surfaces and cools down.


However, there are different lubricants on the market and what differs from each one is the way in which their base oils are obtained. Find more here: mobil1 oil


To avoid confusion, check our guide below for the peculiarities of each oil and choose the most suitable for your vehicle.


mineral oils


Mineral oils are obtained from the separation of petroleum components, being a mixture of several compounds. They have a particular and suitable viscosity as they originate from crude oil and benefit from the refining process.


Therefore, the quality of these oils is closely linked to the quality and viscosity of crude oil.


Mineral oils are divided into three types:


Paranin-based mineral oil


They have stable and resistant chemical alloys that cannot be easily modified with chemical influences. This oil is resistant to oxidation at ambient or elevated temperatures, providing added strength and durability to the lubricant. The big disadvantage is that paraffins tend to settle when exposed to low temperatures.


Naphthenic based mineral oil


Naphthenic oils in general are used in lubricants that will be applied at low temperatures, counteracting the vulnerability of paranoids.


Mixed base mineral oil (semi-synthetic)


To meet the most varied application needs, most mineral oils are mixed with naphthenic or paraffinic base in different proportions.

Synthetic oils


As the name suggests, synthetic oils are not extracted from a natural source but produced artificially in laboratories. Most of the time, they exhibit good viscosity-temperature behavior with little tendency to coke at high temperatures, low solidification point at low temperatures, and high strength.


Synthetic oils can be divided into five types: synthetic hydrocarbons, polyolesters, diesters (it has the highest consumption rate in the world), silicone oils and Perfluorinated polyesters.


How to correctly choose the type of engine oil?


Most people are concerned only with taking the car to the gas station or dealership and letting the professional choose the best type of lubricant. But, if you are a careful car owner, we recommend that you delve a little deeper into this matter to avoid further damage.


The first issue is to define the period for oil changes and the most appropriate is to follow the guidance of the car manufacturer, never the oil manufacturer.


So, forget about that myth that you have to change the oil every 5 thousand km, ok?


The next step is to define what type of oil to use in your engine . Synthetics are superior in lubrication and can last longer. Therefore, it is the most suitable for most cars. But if the manufacturer doesn't require synthetic in your car, it's up to you to use it or not.

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